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Title: Solidification behaviour and hipping induced surface modification in Ti4522XD castings
Author: Yang, Chao
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2012
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The solidification behaviour of Ti45Al2Mn2Nb1B (at.%) has been studied together with its response to HIPing (Hot Isostatic Pressing) in order to understand the mechanism of grain refinement in castings and to understand the influence of surface changes occurring during HIPping on the properties of HIPped net shape cast turbine blades. Samples which had been rapidly cooled from near the melting point from a Bridgman furnace, where a thermal gradient was imposed, have been used to understand the grain refinement mechanism and the details of the solidification sequence. In addition the structure of powder samples, which have been gas-atomised and hence very rapidly cooled have also been used to further the understanding of solidification and of the role of borides. It has been shown that borides themselves play an important role in grain refinement. It has been shown that HIPping results in the formation of a surface which is caused by oxidation from the oxygen present in the argon used in the HIP. The details of the chemistry and microstructure of the surface layers have been shown to be influenced by oxygen partial pressure, by HIPping time and HIPping temperature. Conventional HIPping conditions lead to a surface which contains a γ-layer which does not appear to downgrade either the tensile properties or fatigue properties of the samples and may slightly improve the corrosion resistance. Further work is required to produce net shape castings, which have properties comparable with conventionally cast Ti4522XD, but the present work shows that these could then be HIPped without the γ-layer contained surface causing any downgrading in properties.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Birmingham ; ORS Committee ; Rolls-Royce plc
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy