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Title: Development and use of [18F]FDR as a new powerful radiolabelling agent for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of hypoxia
Author: Musolino, Manuele
ISNI:       0000 0004 6349 225X
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2016
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In recent years tumour hypoxia has been extensively investigated, mainly because it is a source of resistance to the common radio and chemo therapies. In fact, the low levels and heterogeneous distribution of oxygen in hypoxic microenvironment render ionizing radiation ineffective in treating cell proliferation. Furthermore, a low oxygen concentration promotes the activation of HIF-1 transcription factor, which favours the development of a more malignant and resistant cancer cell phenotype often associated with poor prognosis. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging is a valuable diagnostic tool for investigating hypoxia in vivo by means of radiotracers, which incorporates both a radioisotope and a hypoxia-sensitive function. The aim of this multidisciplinary project was to develop small libraries of radiolabelled compounds starting from the biological and chemical features of the two gold standard hypoxia PET tracers [18F]FMISO and [18F]FAZA as well as those of the promising new tracer [18F]HX4. These new radiocompounds display the following peculiar structural characteristics: a 2-nitroimidazole hypoxia-sensitive moiety, different spacers to modulate steric constraint, lipophilicity and metabolic stability and a fluorinated aldopentose sugar as prosthetic group (e.g. [18F]FDR). Two series of compounds were designed and developed based on the conjugation method used to introduce the prosthetic group, namely the oxime bond formation and the thiazolidine ring closure. Six radiotracers belonging to the oxime-derivatives series were tested in vitro on MCF7 breast cancer cell lines in hypoxic conditions and a lead radiocompound incorporating a cyclopropyl group was identified. This new hypoxia tracer showed a better kinetic profile than both [18F]FMISO and [18F]FAZA in MCF7 cancer cell lines and comparable uptake values on a panel of different cancer cell lines, up to 120 min post administration at 1% of O2. These promising results will pave the way for futures in vivo studies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Anoxemia ; Positron-Emission Tomography ; Radioactive tracers