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Title: Between accommodationism and separatism : Kurds, Ottomans and the politics of nationality (1839-1914)
Author: Bajalan, Djene Rhys
ISNI:       0000 0004 6346 4814
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2015
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This dissertation examines the origins and development of ethno-national mobilisation amongst the Kurds of the Ottoman Empire in the decades leading up to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. It argues that, like other elements of Ottoman community, over the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century the idea that the Kurds constituted a 'nation' gradually proliferated amongst Kurdish intellectual and political leaders. This nascent 'national consciousness' found concrete expression in the establishment of a series of newspapers, journals and organisations claiming to represent the views and interests of the Ottoman Kurdish community. However, while a growing number of Kurds began to see themselves as part of a 'Kurdish nation', the political implications of Kurdish 'nationhood' remained controversial. Indeed, from its inception the Kurdish movement contained within it a number of factions which held very different opinions on what precisely constituted the Kurds' national interests. This included some who attempted to secure the advancement and development of their people within the framework of the empire (accommodationists) and others who sought national independence (separatists). This study seeks to highlight the diversity within the Kurdish movement and, more importantly, shed light on the reasons behind it. In doing so, it will become possible to create a more nuanced historical narrative of the origins and nature of the Kurdish question, a question which remained a major political issue facing Middle Eastern leaders and statesmen today.
Supervisor: Kerslake, Celia ; Rogan, Eugene Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Turkey--History--Ottoman Empire ; 1288-1918 ; Kurds--Turkey--Ethnic identity ; Kurds--Civil rights--Turkey ; Nationalism--Turkey--History--19th century ; Turkey--Ethnic relations--19th century