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Title: Charge-density-waves in quasi-one and quasi-two-dimensional metallic crystal systems
Author: Gannon, Liam A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6346 4689
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2015
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In this thesis I present experimental measurements on a number of different quasi-one and quasi-two-dimensional metallic crystal systems susceptible to density-wave formation. I outline the discovery of a density-wave superstructure found via X-ray diffraction measurements in the quasi-two-dimensional Na2Ti2As2O and Na2Ti2Sb2O compounds. Na2Ti2Sb2O and Na2Ti2As2O are members of the Ti-based oxy-pnictides a group of compounds which exhibit complex phase diagrams and share structural similarities with the high temperature superconductors. Temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed the superstructure in both materials to be concomitant with transitions seen in resistivity and magnetic data. The observation of the superstructure combined with results from other experimental techniques demonstrated the transition to be a charge-density-wave. I also present results on a series of intercalated charge-density-wave compounds NixZrTe3. NixZrTe3 was measured using X-ray diffraction and ARPES to investigate the effects of chemical pressure on charge-density-wave formation. The transition temperature for density-wave formation in this series of compounds had been previously shown to vary as a result of Ni-content. X-ray diffraction measurements on the series revealed no changes in the wavevector of the associated superstructure modulation across the series. However ARPES measurements on NixZrTe3 showed subtle changes in the binding energy of the one-dimensional band associated with the charge-density-wave thought to be a result of the Ni-intercalation. Through a combination of XPS, EDX and ARPES measurements the Ni-content in these crystals was deduced to be much lower than growth parameters suggested. Finally I describe the construction and testing of a straining device designed specifically for use with X-ray synchrotron type measurements. The straining device was successfully tested at the I16 beamline at the Diamond Light Source and shown to induce dynamic strain in a test sample of M2Mo6Se6. Further testing at the ID28 beamline at the ESRF revealed that the strain induced in a M2Mo6Se6 was significant and resulted in a change in the lattice dynamics of the material.
Supervisor: Boothroyd, Andrew ; Hoesch, Moritz Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available