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Title: How do individuals who self-identify as having Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) symptomatology perceive interventions to prevent self-harm?
Author: Noble, Julia
ISNI:       0000 0004 6350 3166
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2016
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Background: Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder [BPD] symptomatology have high rates of self-harm (50-80%). Limited information exists on the most appropriate interventions to prevent recurrent self-harm in this population. Recent reviews on BPD interventions have suggested more research needs to be conducted looking at how individuals experience interventions with the aim of identifying the effective components of interventions. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine how individuals with BPD symptomatology experience interventions to prevent self-harm using a qualitative methodology. Methodology: Twelve individuals with BPD symptomatology and past or current self-harm were recruited through therapeutic services, and took part in a semi-structured interview. The interviews were analysed using a grounded theory approach. Findings: The grounded theory identified a core category, an alternative path to self-harm, and two sub-categories, established beliefs and causal factors, and the time course of self-harm. The results were presented using a process model which was indicative of the participants' experiences of interventions. Conclusions: The findings suggest individuals with BPD symptomatology perceive interventions as helping to reduce self-harm when interventions are long-term, consistent, and instant, and the intervention's outcome matches the purpose for the self-harm. The use of interventions appears to be context dependent, specifically being affected by the individual's level of emotional tension, and their cognitive processing during the decision to seek help. For long-term self-harm prevention, multiple interventions are required, and individuals need to be actively maintaining and evaluating these alternative strategies. It is suggested adoption of such a holistic approach could be one avenue for developing collaborative and effective self-harm interventions in clinical practice.
Supervisor: Hanley, Terry Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Couns.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: qualitative ; counselling psychology ; self-harm ; borderline personality disorder ; grounded theory