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Title: Single quantum emitters : resonance fluorescence and emission enhancement
Author: Grandi, Samuele
ISNI:       0000 0004 6347 2857
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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Single photons are highly desirable for encoding, sending and processing quantum information. Suitable engineering of single quantum emitters and their environment can lead to a reliable single photon source and to mediated photon-photon interactions, essential assets for quantum communication and computation purposes. Dye molecules, our chosen single quantum emitter, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their high photostability and narrow emission lines. In this thesis I present a detailed analysis of the optical properties of single dibenzoterrylene molecules in an anthracene matrix. Single photon emission is demonstrated at room and cryogenic temperatures. In the latter case, an analysis of the second-order correlation function of the emission of a single molecule is studied at various temperatures. The data agree with a full solution of the optical Bloch equations over a wide range of temperature, and provide some insight into the dephasing process of the molecules. I then present a technique for integrating single dye molecules with nano-photonic devices. These are hybrid plasmonic waveguides, designed to guide light and to enhance the interaction with a single emitter by a tight confinement of the waveguide mode. Single molecules are deposited over the waveguides and a first evidence of coupling is presented. I conclude with proposed improvements to the optical setup and to the deposition methods. Finally, I present another type of integrated device, where the light matter interaction is enhanced by inserting single quantum emitters into coupled optical resonators. The theoretical description for the case of resonant two-photon absorption from single atoms in coupled photonic crystal cavities is developed. I conclude by proposing a possible realisation of this system, and describing the first steps towards the fabrication of such a device.
Supervisor: Hinds, Edward A. ; Clark, Alex S. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral