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Title: Optimizing graph query performance by indexing and caching
Author: Wang, Jing
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2017
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Subgraph/supergraph queries, though central to graph analytics, are costly as they entail the NP-Complete problem of subgraph isomorphism. To expedite graph query processing, the community has contributed a wealth of approaches that gradually form two categories, i.e., heuristic subgraph isomorphism (SI) methods and algorithms following “filter-then-verify” paradigm (FTV). However, they both bear performance limitations. And a significant drawback of current studies lies in that they throw away the results obtained when executing previous graph queries. To this end, the current work shall present a fresh solution named iGQ, principle of which is to acquire and utilize knowledge from the results of previously executed queries. iGQ encompasses two component subindexes to identify if a new query is a subgraph or supergraph of previously executed queries, such that the stored knowledge will be turned on to accelerate the execution of the new query graph through reducing the subgraph isomorphism tests to be performed. The correctness of iGQ is assured by formal proof. Moreover, iGQ affords the elegance of double use for subgraph and supergraph query processing, bridging the two separate research threads in the community. On the other hand, using cache to accelerate query processing has been prevalent in data management systems. In the realm of graph structured queries, however, little work has been done. Meanwhile, modern big data applications are emerging and demanding the high performance of graph query processing. Therefore, this thesis shall put forth a full-fledged graph caching system coined GraphCache for graph queries. From the ground up, GraphCache is designed as a semantic graph cache that could harness both subgraph and supergraph cache hits, expanding the traditional hits confined by exact match. GraphCache is featured by well-defined subsystems and interfaces, allowing for the flexibility of plugging in any general subgraph/supergraph query solution, be it an FTV algorithm or SI method. Furthermore, GraphCache incorporates the iGQ as the engine of query processing, where previously issued queries are leveraged to expedite graph query processing. With the continuous arrival of queries and the finite memory space, GraphCache requires mechanisms to effectively manage the space, which in turn emerges the problem of cache replacement. But none of the existing replacement policies are developed specifically for graph cache. This work hence proposes a number of graph query aware strategies with different trade-offs and emphasizes a novel hybrid replacement policy with competitive performance. Following the established research in literature, GraphCache handles graph queries against a static dataset, i.e., all graphs in the underlying dataset keep untouched during the continual arrival and execution of queries. However, in real-world applications, the graph dataset naturally evolves/changes over time. This poses a significant challenge for the current graph caching technique and hence gives rise to the requirement of advanced systems that are capable of accelerating subgraph/supergraph queries against dynamic datasets. To address the problem, this work shall contribute an upgraded graph caching system, namely GraphCache+, stressing the newly plugged in subsystems and components of dealing with the consistency of graph cache. GraphCache+ is characterized by its two cache models that represent different designs of ensuring graph cache consistency, as well as the novel logics of alleviating subgraph and supergraph query processing with formal proof of correctness. Additionally, this work is bundled with comprehensive performance evaluations of GraphCache/GraphCache+ with over 6 million queries against both real-world and synthetic datasets with different characteristics, revealing a number of non-trivial lessons. In overall, this work contributes to the community from three perspectives: it provides a fresh idea to expedite graph query processing, applicable for both SI methods and FTV algorithms; it presents GraphCache, to the best of our knowledge the first full-fledged graph caching system for general subgraph/supergraph queries; it explores the topic of graph cache consistency, putting forth a systematic solution GraphCache+.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Q Science (General) ; QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science