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Title: Geometrical representations for efficient aircraft conceptual design and optimisation
Author: Sripawadkul, Vis
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2012
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Geometrical parameterisation has an important role in the aircraft design process due to its impact on the computational efficiency and accuracy in evaluating different configurations. In the early design stages, an aircraft geometrical model is normally described parametrically with a small number of design parameters which allows fast computation. However, this provides only a course approximation which is generally limited to conventional configurations, where the models have already been validated. An efficient parameterisation method is therefore required to allow rapid synthesis and analysis of novel configurations. Within this context, the main objectives of this research are: 1) Develop an economical geometrical parameterisation method which captures sufficient detail suitable for aerodynamic analysis and optimisation in early design stage, and2) Close the gap between conceptual and preliminary design stages by bringing more detailed information earlier in the design process. Research efforts were initially focused on the parameterisation of two-dimensional curves by evaluating five widely-cited methods for airfoil against five desirable properties. Several metrics have been proposed to measure these properties, based on airfoil fitting tests. The comparison suggested that the Class-Shape Functions Transformation (CST) method is most suitable and therefore was chosen as the two-dimensional curve generation method. A set of blending functions have been introduced and combined with the two-dimensional curves to generate a three-dimensional surface. These surfaces form wing or body sections which are assembled together through a proposed joining algorithm. An object-oriented structure for aircraft components has also been proposed. This allows modelling of the main aircraft surfaces which contain sufficient level of accuracy while utilising a parsimonious number of intuitive design parameters.
Supervisor: Guenov, Marin D. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Surface Parameterisation ; Aircraft Conceptual Design ; Class-Shape Function Transformation ; Aerodynamic Analysis ; Multi-objective Optimisation