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Title: Molecular mechanism of influenza A virus restriction by human annexin A6
Author: Diaz Gaisenband, Stefan
ISNI:       0000 0004 6348 8154
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2017
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Influenza A virus (IAV) is a major threat to human health with seasonal epidemics, occasional pandemics and emergence of new highly pathogenic strains from the animal reservoir. Our laboratory has shown that the human Annexin A6 (AnxA6) interacts with the IAV M2 proton channel and limits production of progeny IAV from infected cells. We have found that overexpression of AnxA6 impairs morphogenesis and release of progeny viruses. These findings are supported by another study showing that AnxA6 has a critical role in the late endosomal cholesterol balance and affects IAV replication and propagation in AnxA6-overexpressing cells. However, the molecular mechanism responsible for restriction of IAV morphogenesis by AnxA6 is still unclear. AnxA6 is a calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding protein which plays a major role in cellular events such as regulation of cholesterol homeostasis and membrane organisation or repair. AnxA6 is also implicated in the regulation of intracellular signalling pathways required for IAV infection. In this study, we used a combination of virology, cellular biology and biochemistry approaches to decipher the restriction mechanism of IAV by human AnxA6. We found that AnxA6 down-regulates M2 viral protein expression and impairs viral morphogenesis and budding. We also found that AnxA6 regulates chemokines and cytokines expression during viral infection, suggesting that AnxA6 triggers an innate immune response to IAV by modulating signalling pathways required for viral replication. Finally, we observed that IAV down-regulates AnxA6 expression at mRNA level during early stages of infection and at protein level during late infection, suggesting that IAV has developed a strategy to respond to AnxA6 restriction mechanism during viral infection. We conclude that it is essential to better understand the interaction between human AnxA6 and IAV to elucidate the potential of AnxA6 as an antiviral candidate.
Supervisor: Nal-Rogier, B. ; Tsolaki, A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Flu ; Virus inhibition ; Host restriction factor ; Influenza A virus M2 down-regulation ; Annexin A6