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Title: The Repo-Man/PP1 complex role in chromatin remodelling, nuclear structure and cancer progression
Author: Gokhan, Ezgi
ISNI:       0000 0004 6348 759X
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2016
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Repo-Man is a chromatin-associated PP1 targeting subunit that coordinates chromosome re-organisation and nuclear envelope reassembly during mitotic exit. At the onset of mitosis, Repo-Man association with the chromosomes is very dynamic; at anaphase, Repo-Man targets to the chromatin in a stable manner and recruits PP1 to de-phosphorylate histone H3 at Thr3, Ser10 and Ser28. Previous studies have suggested that CDK1 and AuroraB are the kinases responsible for the inactivation of the complex and for its dispersal at the onset of mitosis respectively. We have previously shown that the binding of Repo-Man to PP1 is decreased in mitosis and we have identified a region adjacent to the RVTF motif that contains multiple mitotic phosphosites (RepoSLIM). This region is conserved only in another PP1 targeting subunit: Ki-67. In order to understand the importance of this region for the complex formation and stability, we have conducted mutational analyses on several residues, and addressed their contribution towards Repo-Man chromosome targeting and PP1 binding in vivo. We have identified new sites in Repo-Man that, when phosphorylated, contribute to the weakening of the binding between Repo-Man and PP1. Interestingly, our results also indicate that several kinases are involved in the mitotic regulation of the complex. We have also identified Lamin A/C as a Repo-Man substrate and introduced a new model for Lamin A/C regulation at interphase. Furthermore, we identified Repo-Man as a marker of malignancy in tripe egative breast cancer, which controls cell movement and levels of important oncogenic markers Aurora A and C-Myc, and propose Repo-Man/PP1 complex as a therapeutic target for the treatment of triple negative breast cancer through the newly identified RepoSLIM.
Supervisor: Vagnarelli, P. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Phosphatases ; Mitotic exit ; Cell cycle ; Breast cancer ; Histone modifications