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Title: The behaviour of double oxide film defects in the processing of liquid Mg alloys
Author: Li, Tian
ISNI:       0000 0004 6347 5601
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2017
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The global demand for Mg alloys continually grew in the last 20 years, motivating a wide interest in the improvement of the mechanical properties of Mg-alloy castings. In addition, the existence of double oxide film defects, which were widely recognised as a major factor in the quality and reproducibility of the properties of light-alloy castings, has been demonstrated in Mg-alloy castings. Thus it became important to understand behaviour of double oxide film defects formed in Mg-alloys. In the work reported here, three different Mg alloys (commercial pure Mg, AZ91 alloy, and Mg-Y alloys) and two cover gases (SF6/air and SF6/CO2), were used, in order to involve different doubled oxide films which may have different behaviours. Direct and cross-sectional observations of the double oxide film defects formed the Mg-alloy castings protected by different cover gases were obtained via a Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and the focus ion beam milling (FIB) technique. In addition, oxide films growing on the corresponding Mg-alloy melt surfaces were also investigated. Based on the observed film structures in conjunction with a thermochemical calculation, evolution processes of the different double oxide film defects were suggested. The quality of Mg-alloy castings was evaluated by the Weibull modulus, which is popularly used to discriminate “good” and “bad” castings. A shortcoming of the traditional Weibull estimation method (i.e. linear least square method) was demonstrated, and a new estimation method was therefore come up with. The Weibull modulus result revealed that air can confer an improvement in the quality of AZ91 castings, compared with CO2.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy