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Title: Democratic participation in education reform : the case of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Campaign for Universal Education) in rural India
Author: Dharmaraj Savicks, Angeline
ISNI:       0000 0004 6348 9499
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2017
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Since its inception in 2002, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has achieved only limited success in implementing its goals, especially in rural sections of India. There appears little basic awareness of the policy, not only among the members of the community but those involved in local administration and the teachers employed under SSA. With SSA's mandate for community involvement in policy implementation, the purpose of this research is to seek to understand if and how community involvement is effective in the local-level educational leadership and, if so, how it helps in the process of implementing SSA to ensure greater success in access and quality of education. The research utilises a qualitative case study methodology to gather in-depth data from local-level educational leaders within SSA's management structure in two rural villages in Odisha. Documents were analysed and used as supportive evidence to the data. The analysis of both case studies generated three major themes: management structure that does not foster effective community participation; dominance, both institutional and social, that leaves little scope for inclusion of the marginalised in the implementation process; and how support from the government and policy-makers that is made available to the community is insufficient in terms of resources and accountability procedures. The study makes recommendations to: policy-makers to make changes in the way policies should be contextualised in their time frames and promoted; policy evaluators, government planners and those issuing checks and controls at the local level to strengthen the implementation process and work out better ways of involving communities to be part of the local-level leadership within the implementation process; and community members, especially the marginalised, so they have the chance to reflect and express their honest opinions. The process enables them to understand the legalities of their position and the responsibilities that were being ignored because of their tokenistic position. The thesis makes suggestions to empower both people and systems.
Supervisor: Lumby, Jacky Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available