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Title: J-coupling predictor function building and large-scale NMR simulations of proteins and nucleic acids
Author: Welderufael, Zenawi Teklay
ISNI:       0000 0004 6348 8226
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis discusses large scale quantum mechanical NMR simulations and fitting works, and deals with biomolecular spin systems. Chapter one introduces the theoretical background that underpins the simulation work. It describes spin and it properties, the interactions of spin with the magnetic field, the environment and it self and the Hamiltonians that describe those interactions. It also covers the Bloch equations that is normally used to predict the longitudinal and transverse relaxations. It further briefly describes the common relaxation mechanisms that are available for a spin system. It also included NMR experiments that are often used in the study of protein and nucleic acid systems. Chapter 2 summarizes the building of J-coupling predictor function. It provides the detail on how the estimator function was built. The function is required for NMR simulations and incorporates the functionality of J-coupling estimation, which provides J-coupling values for proteins and nucleic acids. After building the estimator function NOESY spectra simulation of ubiquitin and RNA stem loops spin systems was performed. Chapter 3 then discusses our simulation method, treating the system quantum mechanically along with an advanced and detailed description of NOE using Redfield relaxation theory. Chapter 4 reports on large–scale simulations and fitting of an exchanging 1H-15N HSQC spectra of calmodulin (PDB: 1CLL) upon stepwise addition of a ligand, that was analysed using a iii formalism that operates in the direct product of spin state space and chemical state space. It also presents the least squares technique for the fitting procedure and the Nelder-Mead simplex minimization technique used in the process. The chapter also highlights the data collated from the fitting work. Finally, chapter 5 concludes the thesis with the simulation of NOESY stem loops RNA spin system and fitting with respect to correlation time and frequency offset. It also explains how we fitted the data from theory to those from the experiment and why the diagonal peaks were eliminated from the fitting.
Supervisor: Kuprov, Ilya Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available