Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Pressure transients in water distribution networks : understanding their contribution to pipe repairs
Author: Starczewska, Dagmara
ISNI:       0000 0004 6347 7906
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2016
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Drinking water infrastructure functions to provide a service to meet customer demands and health requirements. Pipe repairs are one of the biggest challenges of ageing water infrastructure in the UK and world wide. Pressure transients resulting from sudden interruptions of the movement of the water can be caused by routine value operations. In a single pipeline one extreme event can burst a pipe. However the occurrences and impact of pressure transients in operational water distribution systems were not currently fully understood. This research developed new insights and understanding of pressure transient occurrences and their contribution to observed pipe repair rates. A large scale field monitoring program, including deploying and managing high-speed (100 Hz) instrumentation for 11 months, was designed and implemented to cover 67 district metered areas (DMA) subdivided into 79 pressure zones. In total 144 locations were monitored. The data was analysed using a novel method, termed transient fingerprint. This allowed the identification of discrete pressure transients and their three fundamental components (magnitude, duration and numbers of occurrences) leading to a quantitative interpretation of pressure transients. Evolutionary polynomial regression modelling was used to assess the impact of directly measured pressure transient data in context with static pressure, age, diameter and soil variables on 64 cast iron pipes. The analysis suggested that high magnitude, short duration repeatedly occurring pressure transients can have an adverse effect on the pipes. The extrapolation of pressure transient analysis into 7978 cast iron pipes showed inconclusive results suggesting that more accurate pressure transient data is required for each pipe in the network. Additional analysis carried out on 25 asbestos cement pipes, with actual measurements of pressure transients for each pipe, confirmed an adverse effect of pressure transient on water network observed in cast iron pipes. This research has provided an understanding of the occurrence of pressure transients that has implications on pipe management strategies. Mitigation techniques to locate pressure transient sources based on the project outcomes could be utilised to better manage distribution systems and ultimately reduce future pipe replacements and associated costs.
Supervisor: Boxall, Joby ; Collins, Richard Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available