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Title: Glycosylated green fluorescent protein for carbohydrate binding protein analysis
Author: Martin, Andrew
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
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The interactions of glycoconjugates with carbohydrate binding proteins are responsible for a wide range of recognition events in vivo; including immune response, cell adhesion and signal transduction. Glycoconjugates have already found many medicinal uses as therapeutic and diagnostic agents, but their full potential is yet to be realised. Access to a variety of homogeneously glycosylated glycoproteins is essential for the study of these important carbohydrate binding events. This requires the chemical synthesis and attachment of biologically relevant glycans to unglycosylated protein scaffolds in a site selective manner. Here we describe the use of a range of glycosyl iodoacetamides to glycosylate proteins selectively via their cysteine residues. We have chosen the green fluorescent protein mutant GFPuv for use as a protein scaffold due its known tolerance of two cysteine mutations (E6C and I229C) and the previous successful derivatisation of these cysteines with iodoacetamides.1 The inherent fluorescence of GFPuv also makes it a useful candidate for fluorescence based binding assays or cell labelling studies.16 active, mutants of GFPuv were created using a mixture of site directed mutagenesis and DNA shuffling (including one mutant containing six reactive cysteine residues). This was achieved by producing random combinations of two synthetic variants of GFPuv, one of which contained 33 surface cysteines. 94 bacterial colonies expressing active GFPuv were then sequenced and the new chimeric genes analysed. Four monosaccharides and one trisaccharide (N-glycan core mimic) suitable for the chemical glycosylation via cysteines were synthesised and successfully used to create a selection of homogeneous neoglycoproteins. These neoglycoproteins were demonstrated to interact differently with different lectins (including ConA, GNL and Jacalin) in a qualitative fluorescence based assay. Interactions were shown to vary with glycan structure, position of glycosylation sites and the number of glycosylation sites.
Supervisor: Flitsch, Sabine Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: glycosylation ; green fluorecent protein ; neoglycoprotein ; lectin ; DNA shuffling ; trisaccharide