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Title: Stochastic maximum principle and dynamic convex duality in continuous-time constrained portfolio optimization
Author: Li, Yusong
ISNI:       0000 0004 6348 5711
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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This thesis seeks to gain further insight into the connection between stochastic optimal control and forward and backward stochastic differential equations and its applications in solving continuous-time constrained portfolio optimization problems. Three topics are studied in this thesis. In the first part of the thesis, we focus on stochastic maximum principle, which seeks to establish the connection between stochastic optimal control and backward stochastic differential differential equations coupled with static optimality condition on the Hamiltonian. We prove a weak neccessary and sufficient maximum principle for Markovian regime switching stochastic optimal control problems. Instead of insisting on the maxi- mum condition of the Hamiltonian, we show that 0 belongs to the sum of Clarkes generalized gradient of the Hamiltonian and Clarkes normal cone of the control constraint set at the optimal control. Under a joint concavity condition on the Hamiltonian and a convexity condition on the terminal objective function, the necessary condition becomes sufficient. We give four examples to demonstrate the weak stochastic maximum principle. In the second part of the thesis, we study a continuous-time stochastic linear quadratic control problem arising from mathematical finance. We model the asset dynamics with random market coefficients and portfolio strategies with convex constraints. Following the convex duality approach,we show that the necessary and sufficient optimality conditions for both the primal and dual problems can be written in terms of processes satisfying a system of FBSDEs together with other conditions. We characterise explicitly the optimal wealth and portfolio processes as functions of adjoint processes from the dual FBSDEs in a dynamic fashion and vice versa. We apply the results to solve quadratic risk minimization problems with cone-constraints and derive the explicit representations of solutions to the extended stochastic Riccati equations for such problems. In the final section of the thesis, we extend the previous result to utility maximization problems. After formulating the primal and dual problems, we construct the necessary and sufficient conditions for both the primal and dual problems in terms of FBSDEs plus additional conditions. Such formulation then allows us to explicitly characterize the primal optimal control as a function of the adjoint processes coming from the dual FBSDEs in a dynamic fashion and vice versa. Moreover, we also find that the optimal primal wealth process coincides with the optimal adjoint process of the dual problem and vice versa. Finally we solve three constrained utility maximization problems and contrasts the simplicity of the duality approach we propose with the technical complexity in solving the primal problem directly.
Supervisor: Zheng, Harry Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral