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Title: Newer imaging modalities to identify high-risk ambulatory patients with heart failure
Author: Pellicori, Pierpaolo
ISNI:       0000 0004 6347 9629
Awarding Body: University of Hull and University of York
Current Institution: University of Hull
Date of Award: 2016
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The lack of widely accepted objective measures of cardiac dysfunction other than left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has hampered, and continues to hamper, clinical research in patients with heart failure (HF). Identifying patients at higher risk of adverse outcome would allow better targeting of therapy to those with most to gain. The thesis is divided in three parts. In the first part, I report the results of studies of the association between echocardiographic measures of right atrial pressure (by measuring the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter) and outcome in ambulatory patients with HF. I also studied the associations with prognosis of a newer echocardiographic method (global longitudinal strain, GLS) to assess left ventricular systolic function in patients with normal LVEF on conventional imaging. In the second part, I report the results of studies of the associations of left atrial function by cardiac magnetic resonance (cMRI) with outcome in ambulatory patients with HF. I also studied the relationship between QRS morphology on ECG with cardiac structure and function measured by cMRI in ambulatory patients with HF. In the third part, I report the results of developing and prospectively evaluating an ultrasound method to measure the internal jugular vein diameter (as an objective estimate of the right atrial pressure) and its changes with respiratory manoeuvres. I studied the association between the jugular vein diameter, clinical and echocardiographic variables, and its relations with outcome in ambulatory patients with HF and controls. My results showed that upstream consequences of a dysfunctional left ventricle, such as impaired left atrial function measured by cMRI, a distended IVC or internal jugular vein by ultrasound, provide powerful prognostic information, similar to that obtained by measuring N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide plasma levels, in individuals with HF regardless of whether they have a reduced or normal LVEF. As residual congestion (dilated IVC or jugular vein) and impaired left atrial function appear strongly related to an adverse outcome, tailoring treatment to minimise congestion or improving left atrial function is an attractive concept worth testing.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medicine