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Title: Manipulating light in two-dimensional layered materials
Author: De Sanctis, Adolfo
ISNI:       0000 0004 6347 0173
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2016
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Graphene and layered two-dimensional (2D) materials have set a new paradigm in modern solid-state physics and technology. In particular their exceptional optical and electronic properties have shown great promise for novel applications in light detection. However, several challenges remain to fully exploit such properties in commercial devices. Such challenges include the limited linear dynamic range (LDR) of graphene-based photodetectors (PDs), the efficient extraction of photoexcited charges and ultimately the environmental stability of such atomically-thin materials. In order to overcome the aforementioned limits, novel approaches to tune the properties of graphene and semiconducting \ce{HfS2} are explored in this work, using chemical functionalisation and laser-irradiation. Intercalation of graphene with \ce{FeCl3} is shown to lead to a highly tunable material, with unprecedented stability in ambient conditions. This material is used to define photo-active junctions with an unprecedented LDR via laser-irradiation. Intercalation with \ce{FeCl3} is also used to demonstrate the first all-graphene position-sensitive photodetector (PSD) promising for novel sensing applications. Finally, laser-irradiation is employed, to perform controlled oxidation of ultra-thin \ce{HfS2}, which leads to induced strain in the material and a consequent spatially-varying bandgap. Such structure is used to demonstrate, for the first time, efficient extraction of photogenerated carriers trough the so-called ``charge-funnel'' effect, paving the way to the development of ultra-thin straintronic devices.
Supervisor: Russo, Saverio ; Monica, Craciun Sponsor: European Commission
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: optoelectronics ; graphene ; TMDs ; Raman ; photodetector