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Title: Magneto-inductive wave data communications systems
Author: Chan, Christopher Wing Tai
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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Metamaterials display unusual electromagnetic properties, such as, a negative effective permeability and negative effective permittivity. This has sparked much interest due to possibility of negative refraction which was later confirmed by experiments. The ability of magnetically coupled resonant circuits to display an effective permeability lead to the discovery of magneto-inductive waves. These waves are only supported on arrays of magnetically coupled resonant circuits. Research into magneto-inductive waves has been largely concentrated on their use in filters and their potential use in magnetic resonance imaging. However, some work has proposed the use of magneto-inductive waveguides as a data transfer medium. This report builds on previous work which found that an optimum existed for terminal-waveguide coupling, and aims to investigate the application of magneto-inductive waves in data transfer systems. A brief overview of the topic is given along with a description of the underlying characteristics. Factors that affect the capacity of magneto-inductive wave data transfer systems, such as inter element coupling, were identified. Two novel structures, both with the intent of increasing the bandwidth via different methods, are studied. One, by making a pseudo one-dimensional channel from a two-dimensional structure, and the other by using a dual-layer design to increase the coupling between adjacent elements. Both systems are modelled, using simple circuit theory and the impedance matrix method, and a comparison between simulated behaviour and experimental observation was made. There is discussion about the differences between experiment and simulation as well as their limitations. Magneto-inductive wave data transfer systems are eventually expected to support multiple terminals and as previous research only considered two-terminal systems, an investigation into the response of a one- and two-dimensional system with a blocking terminal was undertaken. The system was modelled, again using simple circuit theory and the impedance matrix method, and simulation and experiment were compared. As a whole, the simulations showed good agreement with experiments, after some initial adjustments. Both one- and two-dimensional systems showed that their performance was not severely effected by a blocking terminal. This suggests that magneto-inductive waveguides could support more terminals.
Supervisor: Stevens, Christopher J. Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Engineering ; Metamaterials ; Communications ; Magneto-inductive ; Magneto-inductive waves