Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.711792
Title: Effect of multiple antibiotic treatments on the evolution of antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Author: Whiteley, Rosalind
ISNI:       0000 0004 6060 9029
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
To combat the ever-growing clinical burden imposed by antibiotic-resistant pathogens, multiple-antibiotic treatments are increasingly being considered as promising treatment options. The impact of multiple-antibiotic treatments on the evolution of resistance is not well understood however, and debate is ongoing about the effectiveness of various multiple-antibiotic treatments. In this thesis, I investigate how aspects of multiple-antibiotic treatments impact the rate of evolution of antibiotic resistance in the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In particular, I look at the impact of interactions between antibiotics in combination on the evolution of resistance, and how creating heterogeneity in the antibiotic environment by rotating the antibiotics used may change the rate of evolution of resistance. I characterise the interactions present in 120 combinations of antibiotics and find that the type of interaction can be predicted by the mechanism of action of the antibiotics involved. I investigate the effect of a subset of these combinations on the evolution of antibiotic resistance. My results refute the influential but poorly-evidenced hypothesis that synergistic combinations accelerate the evolution of resistance, even when synergistic combinations have the same inhibitory effect on sensitive bacteria as additive or antagonistic antibiotic combinations. I focus on a combination of the antibiotics ceftriaxone and sulfamethoxazole and test whether it is more effective in preventing the evolution of resistance than predicted by the inhibitory effect of the combination on sensitive bacteria. I do not find the combination to be more effective than predicted. Finally, I create heterogeneous antibiotic environments by rotating the antibiotic present at different rates. For the first time in a laboratory setting, I test how varying the rate of fluctuation in the antibiotics present in a heterogeneous antibiotic environment impacts the rate of evolution of resistance. Unexpectedly, I find the rate of evolution of resistance increases with increasing levels of antibiotic heterogeneity.
Supervisor: MacLean, Craig ; Mclean, Angela ; Maiden, Martin Sponsor: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.711792  DOI: Not available
Keywords: drug interactions ; drug resistance ; multiple antibiotic resistance ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa ; antibiotic resistance ; evolution ; environmental heterogeneity ; multi-drug resistance
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