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Title: Casing effusion cooling
Author: Collins, Matthew C. J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6060 6549
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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The design, modelling and testing of a film cooling system intended for the casing of an unshrouded HP turbine rotor is described in this thesis. Due to the dense network of small film cooling holes employed in such a system, this is often referred to as a casing effusion cooling scheme. Though there are patent references to such systems, there is as yet very limited published material on the aero thermal performance of such film cooling schemes. The casing of an unshrouded HP rotor is an incredibly hostile environment, witnessing the periodic passing of the HP rotor tips within close proximity at a frequency of ∼10 kHz. These blade passing events subject the casing to extremely large amplitude fluctuations of pressure and heat load, which may at first seem to preclude the use of a film cooling scheme. This thesis details many theoretical, computational and experimental advancements related to the research topic. Highlights include: The introduction of a new fundamental mechanism to the field of film cooling, the propagation and reflection of pressure waves within film cooling holes and the impact on film cooling performance. The development of new miniature thin film heat flux gauges manufactured using a new process. Sensor resolution is improved by a factor of seven. The first published computational model reporting heat transfer data on a film cooled rotor casing. Improvements to heat transfer data processing techniques and theory. These are applied to experimental work to produce the highest resolution heat transfer data obtained on the casing of a scaled rotating transonic HP rotor for both uncooled and cooled geometries. Computational models are used to demonstrate that coolant injection on the rotor casing reduces the over-tip leakage mass flow, offsetting the spoiling and mixing losses that film cooling schemes introduce. Much of the work in this thesis is based on papers that have been submitted to or are pending submission. To date three papers have been presented at conference with two published in journals and the third recommended and pending journal publication. Two other papers are pending submission. A patent has also been filed with the European and American patent office regarding novel film cooling hole shapes designed to make use of acoustic effects.
Supervisor: Povey, Thomas Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available