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Title: Understanding the developmental basis of grain yield potential in bread wheat
Author: Gonzalez Navarro, Oscar
ISNI:       0000 0004 6059 9334
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2017
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Grain yield potential in wheat is a complex trait controlled by sub-traits like grain number, grain size, and assimilate partitioning. To achieve further understanding of grain yield potential, this thesis combines physiological and genetic dissection of wheat development. In particular, how the length of developmental phases can be optimized in favour of increased partitioning of assimilates to the spike, in order to reduce abortion rates of florets. The physiological section of the thesis (Chapter 2 and 3) comprises the in depth study of the CIMCOG panel (CIMMYT Core Germplasm). In this section the variation in patterns of floret and phenological development was determined, ascertaining how these differences affect the number of fertile florets. The differences in floret development were clear in the intermediate florets (floret primordia 3, 4, and 5 from the rachis). Floret survival was found to be positively related to the length of the period of floret development. Also fruiting efficiency, using the frontier concept, show a positive relationship with the stem elongation period. The genetic section (Chapter 4 and 5) involves the use of quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis with a segregating population to determine the chromosomal locations affecting key developmental traits. A Buster x Charger doubled haploid population provided a crucial contrast between similar genetic background and differences in length of phenological phases. The results show that a QTL on chromosome 7A has an effect on the time to terminal spikelet phase, i.e. the onset of stem elongation, and QTL affecting time to heading was found on chromosomes 2D and 4A. Furthermore, this population also varies in lodging resistance. A major QTL was found on chromosome 2D affecting height and providing lodging resistance. These studies provide the basis to optimise wheat developmental patterns and, therefore, maximize spike fertility.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available