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Title: ARL13B and IFT172 truncated primary cilia and misplaced cells
Author: Pruski, Michal
ISNI:       0000 0004 6062 5440
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2017
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Primary cilia are cellular organelles that protrude into the extracellular space, acting as antennas. They detect a wide range of chemical cues, including SHH and PDGF, as well as fluid flow, and they modulate downstream signalling systems, such as WNT and ERK. Due to this cue-sensing ability and the close association of the primary cilium with the centrosome the organelle is able to influence both cell cycle progression and cell migration. This work investigated the effect of mutations on two genes associated with primary cilia: Arl13b and Ift172. The effects of the HNN genotype of Arl13b and the WIM genotype of Ift172 on cell migration were assessed uniquely within the context of direct current electric fields. Both cell lines showed a decreased migratory response when compared to WT cells, despite no clear involvement of cilia in sensing the direction of the electric field. This corroborated with previous data of in vivo Arl13b cellular migration. Through the use of in utero electroporation the migratory deficits of IFT172 knock down were then confirmed in vivo in the developing mouse neocortex. Further in vitro investigation revealed a slower proliferation rate of HNN and WIM cells, though this was not confirmed in vivo after IFT172 knock down using a standard BrDU protocol. Nevertheless, further in vitro investigations revealed a wide variety of cell cycle and intracellular changes within both cell lines. The commonalities included lower numbers of cells in the S-phase and lower MAPK3 phosphorylation compared to WT, and differences such as GSK3β phosphorylation on Ser9. This work showed for the first time that ciliopathies affect galvanotaxis, and revealed fundamental commonalities in cell migration and proliferation between various ciliary mutations, as well as differences in specific signalling pathways. This will hopefully aid in developing future therapeutic interventions for ciliary diseases.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Scottish Universities Life Science Alliance ; University of Aberdeen ; British Council ; China Scholarship Council ; Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Cilia and ciliary motion ; Electric currents ; Direct ; Centrosomes ; Neurons ; Fibroblasts