Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.707192
Title: The new trade/new growth nexus for late industrialisers : exploring learning-by-doing processes for garment (Cambodia, Bangladesh) and cut-flower (Kenya, Ethiopia) exporters : integrating global value chain and firm-level analyses
Author: Keane, Jodie
ISNI:       0000 0004 6060 9854
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
This thesis explores the implications of the ascendency of Global Value Chains (GVCs) for contemporary processes of learning by doing. The conceptualisation of learning by doing developed by Nelson and Pack (1999), based on Arrow (1962) is used as the basis for this analysis. Within this model two types of learning by doing, the accumulation of capital and assimilation of new technologies, must work together. As a result, the learning by doing process ascribed proceeds in a vertical way: moving from lower to higher value activities. However, while challenging some of the assumptions underpinning neoclassical growth theory, the Nelson and Pack (1999) model assumes automatic and non-rivalrous knowledge spillovers. Hence, the process of learning by doing process is left ambiguous. In comparison, the classification of governance developed by Gereffi et al. (2005) is based on the extent to which dimensions of technology can be codified as well as controlled by the lead firms which drive GVCs. Hence, implicit within the classification is the rivalrous nature of knowledge spillovers. This typology is used as an organising concept to explore contemporary learning by doing and subsequently upgrading processes. Because buyer-driven GVCs such as textiles and clothing and high value agriculture have recently been the entry point for low income countries into the modern export sector they are the research focus of this thesis. A mixed methodological approach is used to analyse the nature of integration and management of the textiles and clothing GVC in Cambodia, compared to Bangladesh. A similar approach is used towards analysis of the cut-flower GVC in Kenya, with Ethiopia used as a comparator case study. Through positioning the role of the state as either directive or facilitative it is shown how the institutional context within which GVCs operate, referred to as external governance, exerts a direct influence on learning by doing and subsequently upgrading processes. As a result, different levels and types of learning by doing and upgrading processes are identified within the same GVCs as conventionally understood. These results suggest the new trade/new growth nexus for late industrialisers requires actively changing GVC governance structures to effectively stimulate types and levels of learning by doing and subsequently upgrading processes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.707192  DOI:
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