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Title: Are breastfeeding outcomes predicted by prenatal mental health, maternal orientation and postnatal affective attitude toward the infant?
Author: Picucci, R.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6058 9283
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2016
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Breastfeeding has been linked to health benefits for mothers and infants (Kramer & Kakuma, 2012); current World Health Organisation recommendations are for infants to be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life (WHO, 2002). The low rate of breastfeeding in the UK has been identified as an important public health issue (Department of Health, 2002), with only 1% of infants breastfed as recommended (McAndrew et al., 2012). There are a host of well-established stable maternal socio-demographic factors associated with breastfeeding in Westernised countries (Dennis, 2002) however these may not be readily modifiable in the perinatal period. Therefore, focus has turned to identifying factors which may be modified through intervention. This thesis focuses on the evaluation of candidate psychological factors which might predict breastfeeding and therefore might be influenced during the perinatal period by clinical interventions in the future. The current investigation adopts a quantitative methodology to this end, building on biopsychosocial research which has identified an association between women's mental health, prenatal intentions, expectations of motherhood and breastfeeding. Additionally, the thesis includes a novel examination of women's early expression of warmth or criticism towards her infant and evaluates whether this significantly contributes to early breastfeeding cessation. This hypothesis builds on evidence of an association between affective attitudes and parenting practices in older children.
Supervisor: Sharp, H. ; Slade, P. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral