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Title: Subsistence strategies and craft production at the Ramesside Fort of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham
Author: Nielsen, N.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6058 3041
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis investigates the subsistence strategies and types of craft production conducted by the inhabitants of the Ramesside fort at Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham through a methodical examination of archaeological material from the fort's occupation and industrial zone, Area K. It also aims to re-interpret Egypto-Libyan relations in the area on the basis of this evidence, as well as provide a model for the provisioning and self-sufficiency of contemporary forts in Sinai, Nubia and Libya. Chapters 1 and 2 provide introduction and methodological background. Chapter 3 presents the architectural remains found in Area K, focusing on structures related to the production of food. Chapter 4 discusses relevant small finds related to the working of stone, flax, bone, shell, non-vessel ceramics and metal. Chapters 5-7 provide an overview of respectively the chipped stone assemblage, ceramic corpus and faunal remains from the site. Chapter 8 contains a review of relevant archaeological data from contemporary fortified settlements, which relate to subsistence strategies and craft industries. In Chapter 9, the study concludes that the settlement at Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham was largely self-sufficient, both with regards to food and materials, such as pottery production and flax linen, which relied mostly on locally available materials and local processing and production. On this basis, the study concludes that the occupants at Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham maintained a close relationship to local Libyan tribesmen who provided access to resources, as well as serving as trade partners. The study also concludes that fortified settlements of the 19th Dynasty in Libya, Sinai and Nubia were largely self-sufficient entities, which depended only to a limited degree on centralized distributions and military supply lines.
Supervisor: Snape, S. ; Godenho, G. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral