Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Bonus-malus in insurance portfolios
Author: Ni, Weihong
ISNI:       0000 0004 6058 2196
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This thesis constitutes a research work on Bonus-Malus (BM) systems in insurance portfolios, featuring designing pricing strategies and examining associated solvency risks. The first piece of work proposed two different pricing models via the Bayesian approach. Results imply adverse attitudes towards policyholders having a history of many small claims, when the modelling for claim severities takes different forms. On the other hand, the rest of the work dedicated to embedding a BM structure under a risk analysis framework, where the focus lies in measuring the underlying ruin probabilities. It was necessary to initially investigate a discrete model where such probability could be obtained through recursions. As for a continuous model, BM feature was reflected by a Bayesian estimator for premium adjustment. Such construction normally brings in a dependence structure to the risk model thus violating classical assumptions. One way was to inspect how different it is from a classical risk model. Then through some conditional arguments one could find accordingly a solution based on results in literature. From another perspective, it has been found that for a No Claim Discount (NCD) or a Bonus system, an alteration in premium rates could be transformed equivalently to an interchange of distribution between inter-claim times. Then some Markov properties were able to be diagnosed under higher dimensions, which leads to a further possibility of computations. Results can be found in the form of simulations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available