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Title: Is there a relationship between trauma experiences, substance use and violence in adult male offenders
Author: Allen, C.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6057 7012
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2014
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Background and aim Substance use and trauma or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has previously been linked to perpetration of violence. There is limited research on the relationship between these, despite recognition that they frequently co-occur. The aim of the current research was to explore whether co-occurring substance use and trauma or PTSD increased the likelihood of violence. Method Electronic databases were systematically searched; PILOTS, Web of Science, Scopus, and DISCOVER (PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Medline, National Criminal Justice Reference Service Abstracts). Articles were excluded that did not meet the inclusion criteria. The remaining articles were included in this review. Results Six articles were identified for inclusion. Five of the studies were cross-sectional and one study was a case-control design. All of the studies used self report measures and three additionally used clinical interviews. There was great variability in measures administered across studies. Conclusion The current review suggests co-occurring substance use and trauma or PTSD increased the probability of perpetrating violence. However, sample size, sample variability and measurement variability suggest limitations for generalisability across and between populations. Therefore, given the few studies to draw conclusions from the current results should be viewed tentatively. Further research is necessary using more rigorous methodology.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral