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Title: Simulation-based functional evaluation of anthropomorphic artificial hands
Author: Sayed, Muhammad
ISNI:       0000 0004 6062 830X
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis proposes an outline for a framework for an evaluation method that takes as an input a model of an artificial hand, which claims to be anthropomorphic, and produces as output the set of tasks that the hand can perform. The framework is based on studying the literature on the anatomy and functionalities of the human hand and methods of implementing these functionalities in artificial systems. The thesis also presents a partial implementation of the framework which focuses on tasks of gesturing and grasping using anthropomorphic postures. This thesis focuses on the evaluation of the intrinsic hardware of robot hands from technical and functional perspectives, including kinematics of the mechanical structure, geometry of the contact surface, and functional force conditions for successful grasps. This thesis does not consider topics related to control or elements of aesthetics of the design of robot hands. The thesis reviews the literature on the anatomy, motion and sensory capabilities, and functionalities of the human hand to define a reference to evaluate artificial hands. It distinguishes between the hand's construction and functionalities and presents a discussion of anthropomorphism that reflects this distinction. It reviews key theory related to artificial hands and notable solutions and existing methods of evaluating artificial hands. The thesis outlines the evaluation framework by defining the action manifold of the anthropomorphic hand, defined as the set of all tasks that a hypothetical ideal anthropomorphic hand should be able to do, and analysing the manifold tasks to determine the hand capabilities involved in the tasks and how to simulate them. A syntax is defined to describe hand tasks and anthropomorphic postures. The action manifold is defined to be used as a. functional reference to evaluate artificial hands' performance. A method to evaluate anthropomorphic postures using Fuzzy logic and a method to evaluate anthropomorphic grasping abilities are proposed and applied on models of the human hand and the InMoov robot hand. The results show the methods' ability to detect successful postures and grasps. Future work towards a full implementation of the framework is suggested.
Supervisor: Alboul, Lyuba ; Penders, Jacques Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available