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Title: Essays on equality and productivity
Author: Gebrewolde, Tewodros Makonnen
ISNI:       0000 0004 6062 7788
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2017
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Understanding and enhancing productivity has been at the heart of sustainable growth goals of developing countries. Policy makers and multilateral agencies have inquired about what role the government can play in this regard. The empirical evidence at the micro level however, is surprisingly limited. This dissertation contributes to this literature by undertaking a firm and product level study of productivity. It estimates a causal effect of a typical industrial policy measure on total factor productivity and other firm outcomes. It also forwards a micro level explanation of the low productivity of capital despite its shortage in developing countries. We find that typical policy incentives like tax holiday and cheap loans targeted at firms in certain sectors and locations have negatively affected total factor productivity due to entry of less productive firms and diversification. We find that human capital, power and road infrastructure positively determine the productivity of capital. The dissertation goes on to examine gender pay inequality by constructing a new measure from gender disaggregated labour share in value added. This measure is comparable across time and across countries. We also undertake a causal analysis of what determines gender pay inequality. We find that although gender pay inequality has been declining it is still substantial. In addition in some middle income countries income have to triple for gender pay gap to close.
Supervisor: Rockey, James ; Koppensteiner, Martin Foureaux Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available