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Title: Automatic interpersonal emotion regulation
Author: Hernandez Ibar, Daria Naieli
ISNI:       0000 0004 6062 5264
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2016
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Automatic interpersonal emotion regulation (the things people do to modify the emotions of those they interact with without awareness of what they do to cause such changes) was explored in the present thesis in 6 empirical studies. Study 1 found that people report using more strategies to improve someone else's emotions in an automatic way with people they feel close to. Studies 2a and 2b indicated that participants primed to worsen the emotions of someone else behaved in a way that suggested they tried to worsen someone else's emotions in comparison to participants who were not primed. Furthermore, studies 2a, 2b and 2c suggest that having an explicit goal to worsen the emotions of another person mediates the effect of the prime. In study 3, a measure of self-control depletion during the working day was developed in the hope to have an instrument that would help researchers to identify people who were depleted of self-control (as the literature suggest that people who are depleted of self-control are more likely to act automatically). Nevertheless, it was not possible to identify self-control depletion from this new measure (as observed in the scores of participants on a Stroop task). Thus, the further exploration between self-control depletion and automatic interpersonal emotion regulation could not be carried out. Instead, Study 4 was conducted, to explore the association between cognitive load and automatic interpersonal emotion regulation. The results suggest that participants under high cognitive load exerted less effort to regulate someone else's emotions, that self-control depletion and high cognitive load made participants less aware of using IER strategies and also influenced their levels of intention to use IER (by decreasing them). Overall, these studies suggest that AIER exists and that it is possible to study it empirically.
Supervisor: Webb, Thomas L. ; Totterdell, Peter A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available