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Title: Interfacial properties of reservoir fluids and carbon dioxide with impurities
Author: Chow, Yu Tsing Florence
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 7205
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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Interfacial tension measurements of the binary systems (N2 + H2O), (Ar + H2O), and (H2 + H2O), and ternary systems (CO2 + N2 + H2O), (CO2 + Ar + H2O) and (CO2 + H2 + H2O), are reported at pressures of (0.5 to 50.0) MPa, and temperatures of (298.15 to 473.15) K. The design of a custom-built Interfacial Properties Rig was detailed. The pendant drop method was used. The expanded uncertainties at 95% confidence are 0.05 K for temperature; 0.07 MPa for pressure; 0.019·γ for interfacial tension in the (N2 + H2O) system; 0.016·γ for interfacial tension in the (Ar + H2O) system; 0.017·γ for interfacial tension in the (H2 + H2O) system; 0.032·γ for interfacial tension in the (CO2 + N2 + H2O) system; 0.018·γ for interfacial tension in the (CO2 + Ar + H2O) system; and 0.017·γ for interfacial tension in the (CO2 + H2 + H2O) system. The interfacial tensions of all systems were found to decrease with increasing pressure. The use of SGT + SAFT-VR Mie to model interfacial tensions of the binary and ternary systems was reported, for systems involving CO2, N2 and Ar. The binary systems (N2 + H2O) and (Ar + H2O), and ternary systems (CO2 + N2 + H2O) and (CO2 + Ar + H2O), were modelled with average absolute relative deviations of 1.5 %, 1.8 %, 3.6 % and 7.9 % respectively. For the (CO2 + Ar + H2O) system, the agreement is satisfactory at the higher temperatures, but differs significantly at the lower temperatures. Contact angles of (CO2 + brine) and (CO2 + N2 + brine) systems on calcite surfaces have also been measured, at 333 K and 7 pressures, from (2 to 50) MPa, for a 1 mol·kg-1 NaHCO3 brine solution, using the static method on captive bubbles.
Supervisor: Trusler, J. P. Martin ; Maitland, Geoffrey C. Sponsor: Imperial College London
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral