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Title: Energy consistent nonlinear dynamic contact analysis of structures
Author: Zolghadrzadehjahromi, Hamed
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 4901
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2014
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This work is motivated by the need for a numerically stable dynamic contact algorithm, for use with finite element (FE) analysis including both material and geometric nonlinearities, which imposes the appropriate full kinematic compatibility between the interfaces of impacting boundaries during a persistent dynamic contact. Several methods were previously developed based on Lagrangian multipliers or penalty functions in an attempt to impose the impenetrability condition of dynamic contact analysis. Some of these existing algorithms suffer from lack of numerical stability, and most of them are incapable of accurately predicting the persistent contact force, hence they would not be suitable for frictional dynamic contact analysis. The numerical stability and energy conservation characteristics of conventional frictionless dynamic contact algorithms using Lagrangian displacement constraints and penalty functions are investigated in this thesis. Two energy controlling dynamic contact algorithms are proposed in conjunction with the well-known Newmark trapezoidal rule, namely, regularised penalty method and Lagrangian velocity constraint. Although energy consistent, the state of the art for these two methods is somewhat similar to the conventional displacement constraints in the sense that acceleration compatibility is not imposed when simulating problems featuring persistent dynamic contact. In this work, a novel and superior energy controlling-algorithm is proposed which overcomes the aforementioned shortcomings. The proposed DVA method enforces the displacement, velocity and acceleration compatibilities (referred to as DVA constraint in this work) between the impacting interfaces, which in contrast to existing algorithms can be used for FE analysis of problems exhibiting geometric and material nonlinearities. The advanced DVA method is devised such that the kinematic compatibilities at the interface are consistent with the solution for a continuous system without any special treatment in the time-integration or solution procedure of the penetrating interface boundaries. Furthermore, this can be achieved in conjunction with all of the prevalent implicit time-integration schemes such as the trapezoidal rule, midpoint rule, HHT-α and the most recently developed Energy-Momentum family of Methods. Finally, utilising the proposed dynamic contact algorithms, a novel multi-constraints node-to-surface dynamic contact element is formulated and programmed within a geometric and material nonlinear dynamic FE analysis software. Several verification examples of frictionless mechanical contact are presented to demonstrate the superiority and performance of the developed node-to-surface contact element in conjunction with the proposed DVA constraint as well as the Lagrangian velocity constraint, providing a robust and accurate solution procedure for highly nonlinear dynamic contact analysis.
Supervisor: Izzuddin, Bassam Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral