Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites with enhanced ductility
Author: Diao, Hele
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 4274
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRPs) have high strength and stiffness, low density, long fatigue life in the fibre direction and good corrosion resistance. Nowadays, CFRPs are been used in aeronautics, wind turbine blades, sports goods and civil industry. However, one fundamental limitation of CFRPs is their brittleness (low ductility): CFRPs fail catastrophically at a relatively low strain (1.5% to 1.8%) under the tension with little warning or residual load-carrying capacity. To overcome this weakness, there is considerable interest to enhance the ductility of CFRPs exhibiting increased failure strains under tension and more progressive, graceful failure modes. In this work, three different methods were developed to improve the ductility of unidirectional (UD) CFRPs. The first method was to introduce fibre waviness into UD composites. The fibre alignment angles of the resulting composites and control composites were assessed and it was found that fibre waviness in UD composite did result in a stepwise tensile failure mode and an enhanced strain to failure. The second method was using an air-assisted fibre tow spreading and commingling technology to manufacture continuous intermingled carbon fibre/glass fibre hybrid tows. After defining and quantifying the degree of hybridisation (at the filament level) of two carbon fibre/glass fibre hybrid tows, the one with the higher degree of hybridisation was selected to manufacture intermingled UD hybrid composites. It was found that hybridising of continuous glass and carbon fibres resulted in the composites with an increased failure strain. Moreover, these hybrid composites failed more gradually. The final method investigated for introducing ductility was the introduction of ply cuts into PEEK interleaved UD carbon fibre/PEEK composites, which were manufactured by compression moulding. The resulting cut-ply interleaved carbon fibre/PEEK composite possessed a non-linear tensile stress-strain curve and ductility strain of 0.4%, which is due to shearing of the PEEK interleaves in the overlap regions between the cut carbon fibre plies.
Supervisor: Bismarck, Alexander ; Robinson, Paul Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral