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Title: LCL DC/DC converter and DC hub under DC faults and development of DC grids with protection system using DC hub
Author: Zhang, Jianxi
ISNI:       0000 0004 6056 8730
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2016
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In this thesis, an IGBT-based DC/DC converter employing an internal inductor-capacitor-inductor (LCL) passive circuit is investigated in DC grid under fault conditions. It is concluded that a range of converter parameters exist which will give DC fault current magnitudes close to rated currents. Steady state and transient fault responses are investigated in depth. The converter is modelled on PSCAD platform under fault operation and the simulation results verify the analytical studies. LCL DC hub is an extension of DC/DC converter to multiple ports with capability of limiting the propagation of DC faults in a DC grid. Analytical mathematical equations for steady state fault currents are derived. A state space model of the hub is introduced for transient fault study. The hub is able to interconnect multiple DC cables at different voltage levels and act as DC substation for DC grid. The designed hub also has the ability to maintain the current within the order of its rated value without additional protection even for the worst case fault. The analytical study results are confirmed by detailed simulation on PSCAD. Based on the good performance of the LCL DC hub under DC faults, a DC grid topology with protection system employing LCL DC hub is proposed and investigated in this thesis. The advantage and feasibility of this method in DC fault protection is investigated based on the developed grid model. The DC grid protection systems are proposed and analysed in depth under several DC fault scenarios. The PSCAD simulation results under a range of DC fault scenarios on various locations are shown. These results confirm significance of the proposed DC grid protection system and advantages of this proposed topology in fault isolation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: European Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Fault tolerance (Engineering) ; DC-to-DC converters