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Title: Studies of inspection algorithms and associated microprogrammable hardware implementations
Author: Edmonds, John Mark
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 1988
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This work is concerned with the design and development of real-time algorithms for industrial inspection applications. Rather than implement algorithms in dedicated hardware, microprogrammable machines were considered essential in order to maintain flexibility. After a survey of image pattern recognition where algorithms applicable to real-time use are cited, this thesis presents industrial inspection algorithms that locate and scrutinise actual manufactured products. These are fast and robust - a necessary requirement in industrial environments. The National Physical Laboratory have developed a Linear Array Processor (LAP) specifically designed for industrial recognition work. As with most array processors, the LAP has a greater performance than conventional processors, yet is strictly limited to parallel algorithms for optimum performance. It was therefore necessary to incorporate sequentialism into the design of a multiprocessor system. A microcoded bit-slice Sequential Image Processor (SIP) has been designed and built at RHBNC in conjunction with the NPL. This was primarily intended as a post-processor for the LAP based on the VMEbus but in fact has proved its usefulness as a stand-alone processor. This is described along with an assembler written for SIP which translates assembly language mnemonics to microcode. This work, which includes a review of current architectures, leads to the specification of a hybrid (SIMD/NIMD) architecture consisting of multiple autonomous sequential processors. This involves an analysis of various configurations and entails an investigation of the source of bottlenecks within each design. Such systems require a significant amount of interprocessor communication: methods for achieving this are discussed, some of which have only become practical with the decrease incost of electronic components. This eventually leads to a system for which algorithm execution speed increases approximately linearly with the number of processors. The algorithms described in earlier chapters are examined on the system and the practicalities of such a design are analysed in detail. Overall, this thesis has arrived at designs of programmable real-time inspection systems, and has obtained guidelines which will help with the implementation of future inspection systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computer Science