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Title: Quantitative structure-activity relationships : a biophysical, chemical and calorimetric study
Author: Gooch, Carolyn A.
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 1988
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Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) rationalize interrelation between molecular structure and biological response in terms of either physicochemical parameters, as in linear free energy relationships (LFER), or via purely empirical parameters, as is the case for De Novo schemes. In LFER the leading process is often the partitioning of a compound between two solvent phases, taken to represent the transfer of a drug molecule across a biological membrane. This study has investigated the partitioning behaviour of three series of hydroxybenzoate esters, viz. o-, m- and predominantly p-esters, the latter being preservatives in pharmaceutical formulations. The thermodynamic parameters AH, AG and AS for the transfer process were derived in an attempt to establish a QSAR. on a fundamental thermodynamic basis. Such parameters have identifiable physicochemical meaning and lend themselves more readily to interpretation. This facilitates application to alternative systems. A new Gibbs function factor analysis was developed and utilized to obtain thermodynamic contributions for parent and incremental methylene group portions of thestudy molecules. The empirical Collander equation for interrelation of various solute/solvent systems was also rationalized on a thermodynamic basis. Further extension of the Gibbs function factor analysis allowed scaling of "solvent" systems including chromatographic packings, solvents and liposomes. The scheme indicated capacity for optimized selection of bulk solvent systems to mimic biological membranes. A novel analytical procedure for direct measurement of biological response was developed. The bioassay appeared capable of discrimination i) between the closely related structural homologues, ii) between gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, and further, iii) between certain cell batches of the same bacteria type. Also, the bioassay demonstrated a Collander interrelation between the two bacteria types. Flow microcalorimetry was the technique employed to measure thermal response of respiring E. coli and Staph, aur. bacteria. The modification of biological response with drug concentration was quantitated and a log dose max term was derived for each homologue. The results indicated potential for a predictive, additive structure-activity scheme based on assessment of biological response (BR) direct rather than through f(BR) via physicochemical or empirical parameters.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Bioinformatics