Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Kaale belongings and evangelical becomings : faith, commitment and social outreach among the Finnish Kaale (Finnish Roma)
Author: Roman, Raluca Bianca
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 8881
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2017
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Thesis embargoed until 14 Feb 2025
Access from Institution:
Grounded in a theoretical debate between anthropological studies on Roma/Gypsies and anthropological studies of Christianity, the focus of this thesis is on the experience of social and religious life among members of a traditional minority in Finland, the Finnish Kaale/Finnish Roma, a population of approximately 13.000 people living in Finland and Sweden. Over the past decades, the processes of urbanisation and sedentarisation have led to shifts in the ways in which the social lives of Kaale families are lived. A shift towards individualisation is interlinked with the continuous importance placed on family and kin belonging, which come together in a re-assessment of people's central attachments in the world. At the same time, over the same period of time, a large number of this population have converted to Pentecostal and charismatic movements in the country, leading to subtle changes in the shape of social relations within and outside their own community: between believers and non-believers, between Kaale and non-Kaale. Making use of participant observation, interviews, conversion stories and individual life histories among Finnish Kaale living in the capital city of Helsinki and in Eastern parts of the country, this ethnography provides an insight into the multiple, overlapping and complex ways in which Kaale belonging is understood and into the ways in which Pentecostal religious life takes shape among born-again Kaale. Furthermore, looking specifically at the practice of Evangelism and missionary work, which defines the life of Pentecostal Kaale believers, the role of faith as an enhanced engagement with the world is analysed. A conversation therefore emerges also on the role of Pentecostal belonging in mobilising believers in relation to the world around them and, more specifically, on the way in which Pentecostal faith provides an avenue for a further social engagement and social mobilisation of individual Kaale believers.
Supervisor: Gay y Blasco, Paloma ; Wardle, Huon Sponsor: Department of Social Anthropology ; University of St Andrews ; Suomen Akatemia (Academy of Finland)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Anthropology of Christianity ; Pentecostalism ; Belonging ; Evangelism ; Belief ; Attachment and detachment ; Finland ; Roma ; Social outreach ; Faith-based mobilisation ; Family and commitment ; Honour and shame ; Born-again ; DX247.R7 ; Romanies--Finland--Religious aspects ; Romanies--Finland--Social aspects ; Pentecostal churches--Finland ; Evangelicalism--Finland ; Pentecostal converts--Finland