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Title: The mutation of Islamic politics and the demise of the Kemalist state in Turkey
Author: Cengiz, Fatih Cagatay
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 7475
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis aims to shed light on the dynamics of the mutation of Islamic politics and the demise of the Kemalist state in Turkey after the late 1990s. It problematises the way in which neoliberal globalisation after the 1980s transformed the cross-class electoral alliances of Islamic political parties in Turkey, and also created conditions that made changes in civil-military relations possible. First and foremost, the thesis hypothesises that the mutation of Islamic politics in Turkey was an instrumental factor in achieving the break between military and parliamentary power. Second, the thesis argues that the rise of the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi, AKP) in 2002 embodies this mutation in Islamic politics in Turkey, to the extent that the AKP has been able to unify the interests of big finance capital and peripheral capital. By representing these different fractions of the bourgeoisie, the AKP has managed to overcome the political omnipotence of the Turkish military, concurrently leading to the institutional necrosis of the Kemalist/Bonapartist state. In other words, the thesis contends that while the economic base of Islamic politics in Turkey in the 1990s, as represented at that time by the Welfare Party (Refah Partisi, RP, a pro-Islamist party), was largely grounded in the peripheral nascent capital and remained aloof from big finance capital, the AKP in the 2000s has managed to economically represent the symbiosis of peripheral and big finance capital, contributing to the metamorphosis of Islamic politics in Turkey into a neoliberal religious conservative project. A breakaway from its predecessor's Islamic genealogy enabled the party to carry out a democratic transition until 2010/2011. This study employs a class-based approach to understanding state-society relations with respect to Islamic politics and the role of military in Turkish society.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral