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Title: Czechoslovakia and East Africa in the late colonial and early post-colonial period : the case studies of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania
Author: Dobrovoda, David
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 6683
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2016
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This research sets out to explore the origins, nature and effects of relations between Czechoslovakia and Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania in the late colonial and early post-colonial period from 1958 up to and including 1970. It identifies the motivations and intentions with which both parties entered into these relations. It examines in particular the matter of how Czechoslovak activities and interactions with local political parties and leading politicians influenced political and economic development in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania in this period. Using a unique set of previously unstudied primary historical sources it identifies the primary and secondary objectives that Czechoslovak foreign policy set out for relations with these countries, the most common and the most effective strategies used to attain these objectives, and the extent to which these objectives were eventually successfully reached. Ultimately, by a comparative analysis of the three case studies it concludes which were the most effective strategies as well as identifying the necessary preconditions that allowed Czechoslovakia to interfere actively in the political development of these states and eventually to come close to reaching its stated objectives. The findings of this research show that if Czechoslovakia was to have had a realistic chance of reaching any of its political objectives in East Africa a combination of specific conditions had to be met. The most effective form of exerting influence on political development in Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika proved to be special military or security assistance. However, this was effective only when Czechoslovakia was able to ensure political support of the Kenyan, Ugandan or Tanganyikan political leadership. In order to sustain the political influence gained by Czechoslovakia, it was necessary to provide the assisted country with effective economic support or technical aid that would drive that country's development. If all of these conditions were met, Czechoslovakia was able actively to influence the political development of local states, undermine the position of the West and come close to reaching and sustaining her political objectives. However, if any of these conditions were not present or other forms of support were provided instead, the Czechoslovak capacity to influence political development in Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika was very low.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral