Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.703404
Title: Local governance in the age of liberal interventionism : governance relations in the post-2001 Afghanistan
Author: Nemat, Orzala Ashraf
ISNI:       0000 0004 6061 5314
Awarding Body: SOAS, University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
This study critically examines and assesses the effects of two internationally sponsored local governance programmes formulated, designed and implemented by Afghanistan's Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG), their purported aim to build village and district level institutions and change the way local populations shape their governance relations. The study adopts a set of theoretical lenses including hybridity and ethnography of aid combined with a historical political economy approach which aims to show how, mediated by local power structures and gender relations, these interventions unfolded in practice and had complex and unexpected outcomes on the ground. The study is the result of fourteen months field research conducted in Kabul (to look at national level processes), one village in Behsud, Nangarhar and two villages in Yakawlang, Bamyan. The study presents Afghan districts and villages as micro-site(s) of intervention, where central government programmes are only one among many interventions led by different national and international actors and institutions. The selection of local governance programmes by the two institutions is based on different (at times conflicting) rationales: MRRD's programme followed 'legal-rational' bureaucratic logic, while IDLG, though following a similar logic in its policy papers, in practice was heavily influenced by the existing patronage-based networks related to the government's key political elites. Furthermore, the international sponsors of these programmes supported these differing logics based on their short and long-term interests. The local actors embraced certain aspects of the interventions that furthered their interests in terms of capturing resources that strengthened their authority and resisted those aspects that challenged prevailing patrimonial power structures. Hence, studying these two examples generates insights into both the way power and gender relations work in Afghan society and the complex form of hybrid arrangements that emerges as a result of these encounters between international, national and local players.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.703404  DOI: Not available
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