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Title: Power system oscillatory instability and collapse prediction
Author: Al-Ashwal, Natheer Ali Mohammed
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis investigates the capabilities of the Collapse Prediction Relay (CPR-D) and also investigates the use of system identification for detection of oscillatory instability. Both the CPR-D and system identification are based on system measurements and do not require modelling of the power system. Measurement based stability monitors can help to avoid instability and blackouts, in cases where the available system model can not predict instability. The CPR-D uses frequency patterns in voltage oscillation to detect system instability. The relay is based on non-linear dynamics Theory. If a collapse is predicted, measures could be taken to prevent a blackout. The relay was tested using the output of simulators and was later installed in a substation. The data from laboratory tests and site installations is analysed enabling a detailed evaluation of the CPR-D.Oscillatory instability can be detected by monitoring the damping ratio of oscillations in the power system. Poor damping indicates a smaller stability margin. Subspace identification is used to estimate damping ratios. The method is tested under different conditions and using several power system models. The results show that using several measurements gives more accurate estimates and requires shorter data windows. A selection method for measurements is proposed in the thesis.
Supervisor: Crossley, Peter Sponsor: National Grid
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Power System Oscillations ; Damping Estimation ; System Identification ; Subspace Identification ; Collapse Prediction Relay