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Title: Designing for embodied reflection
Author: Knibbe, Jarrod Mark
ISNI:       0000 0004 6056 8343
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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Our understanding of the world comes from our engaged interaction with it. Through embodied interaction we reveal our knowledge and skill; our knowing-in-action. This skill is tacit and typically non-vocalisable. This perspective of Embodied Interaction has long influenced HCI. Through reflection, however, we surface and interrogate this knowledge, changing our actions on-the-go. This reflection is intuitive and dynamic. This reflection is embodied. The existing literature on reflection in HCI has tended to consider a reflection that is separated from the action, emphasising a thoughtful and conceptual consideration. This thesis breaks from this tradition through its embodied perspective; considering purposeful reflection-on-action (after the activity) in physical tasks. Through a consideration of physical tasks, comes an emphasis on tacit knowledge. Yet reflection-on-action does not benefit from any of the tacit richness of the activity under consideration. This body of work explores tools and techniques to bring embodied and tacit knowledge to reflection-on-action, facilitating richer reflective practices. In combination with the already embodied reflection-in-action (during the activity), this thesis explores Designing for Embodied Reflection. Through an aim to support and enhance existing reflective practices, this thesis examines: the specifics of reflection in-the-world; technologies as a tool to assist reflective practice; the tensions of streamlining these tools into existing practice; and the facilitated novel opportunities for reflection. This thesis contributes a novel embodied perspective on reflection to HCI, highlighting the link between reflection and embodied interaction in the social science literature, providing a novel definition and feature set of reflection and using these to conduct an exploration of reflection in-the-wild, in domains emphasising different scales of physicality and reflective· rhythms. These works highlight: the burden of reflection; planning-for-reflection; the materiality of reflection; the opportunities in reflective coaching; the ambiguities of reflection-in-action and reflection-on-action; the interplay of social and individual reflection in real-world settings; and the complex relationship between the features of reflection. From this, a series of design considerations for embodied reflection and an updated definition of reflection are presented.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available