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Title: Fuzhou and global empires : understanding the treaty ports of modern China, 1850-1937
Author: Fairchild, Sabrina
ISNI:       0000 0004 6056 7295
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2016
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Between 1850 and 1937, Fuzhou was a dynamic centre of international exchange, profoundly shaped by global and imperial circulations of people, goods and ideas. What made these circulations possible was the city's status as a treaty port. This was a site of unequal Sino-foreign power relations where a predominantly British and American community used their legal privileges to establish a bridgehead in China and then built it into a sophisticated conduit for commercial and cultural change. In 1850, Fuzhou was one of five treaty ports in China. By 1917 there were 92 such sites. This thesis provides the first in-depth study of treaty port Fuzhou revealing its main structural, spatial and social characteristics, as well as how its communities and institutions changed over time. It argues that the treaty port was above all a gateway for global empires, a point of access for new practices and knowledge into China, but also for the distribution of Chinese commodities abroad. This thesis enriches our understanding of the treaty ports, and in the process, broadens our understanding of colonialism in China. In particular, it reveals the wide repertoire of colonial practices that brought different empires to China and enabled them to stay. This thesis therefore pushes forward our comprehension of the multiple and particular manifestations of imperial expansion in China, and elsewhere in the world.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available