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Title: The dynamics of pensions and social care services for older people in the welfare state
Author: Kim, Yun-Young
ISNI:       0000 0004 6056 668X
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2016
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This study explores the dynamics of changes in pensions and social care services for older people (hereafter, SCSFO), and their variation in OECD countries in the last three decades of the twentieth century. There are two main research questions: 1. how have both pension and SCSFO changed amongst OECD countries since the 1980s? 2. How have OECD countries' pensions and SCSFO been reconstructed in terms of socio-economic, political and institutional theory? This thesis uses macro-comparative analysis on SCSFO and pension policies, as SCSFO is gaining significance within the changes in old-age policies in postindustrial society. To understand welfare state policies, on which social expenditure continues to grow, it is necessary to understand the evolution of SCSFO. On the grounds of conceptual classification of pensions and SCSFO, a variety of indicators were included in the analyses to reflect the concept of a pension properly. Also, this research built a database including indictors of SCSFO and data on longterm care. These were extracted from SOCX (2012) and SHA (2011) respectively. By utilising such data, this thesis addresses the trends in pension and SCSFO polices of 18 OECD states from 1980 to 2006, and the factors that affect changes in spending levels and structure. The factors and independent variables affecting spending on pensions and SCSFO are studied using panel analysis. The relationship between those factors was confirmed by path analysis. Also, in order to compare the rate of increase in pension and SCSFO spending, panel logit analysis has been conducted using binary dependent variables. This thesis finds that the determinants of pensions are different from those of SCSFO among OECD countries. Pension and SCSFO spending drivers are categorised into socio-economic effects, politics, and institutions, and 15 hypotheses are set out for panel analysis. As a result, new factors in SCSFO (including social demand following de-industrialization, gender politics and local taxes), appear to be highly significant. This has implications for three existing theories behind SCSFO: a new social risk factor, feminization, and localization. In panellogit analysis, the structural changes in pension and SCSFO I spending are empirically analyzed. The new structure of socio-economic effects, politics, and institutions is found to have contributed to the reorganization of the structure of social spending. Lastly, this thesis offers an empirical analysis using path analysis to ascertain the dependent and independent variables that are configured in each structure. In other words, the structure of the variables has been investigated to see whether they are statistically significant. The analyses show that the variables have a certain degree of connection with one another.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available