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Title: Cryogenic ion trapping for next generation quantum technologies
Author: De Motte, Darren C. E.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5992 4849
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2016
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Quantum technology has made great strides in the last two decades with trapped ions demonstrating all the necessary building blocks for a quantum computer. While these proof of principle experiments have been demonstrated, it still remains a challenging task to scale these experiments down to smaller systems. In this thesis I describe the development of technology towards scalable cryogenic ion trapping and quantum hybrid systems. I first discuss the fundamentals of ion trapping along with the demonstration of ion trapping on a novel surface electrode ion trap with a ring shaped architecture. I then present the development of a cryogenic vacuum system for ion trapping at ~4 K, which utilizes a closed cycle Gifford McMahon cryocooler with a helium gas buffered ultra-low vibration interface to mechanically decouple a ultra-high vacuum system. Ancillary technologies are also presented, including a novel in-vacuum superconducting rf resonator, low power dissipation ceramic based atomic source oven and an adaptable in-vacuum permanent magnet system for long-wavelength based quantum logic. The design and fabrication of microfabricated surface ion traps toward quantum hybrid technologies are then presented. A superconducting ion trap with an integrated high quality factor microwave cavity and vertical ion shuttling capabilities is described. The experimental demonstration of the cavity is also presented with quality factors of Q6~6000 and Q~15000 for superconducting niobium nitride and gold based cavities respectively, which are the highest demonstrated for microwave cavities integrated within ion trapping electrode architectures. An ion trap with a multipole electrode geometry is then presented, which is capable of trapping a large number of ions simultaneously. The homogeneity of five individual linear trapping regions are optimized and the design for the principle axis rotation of each linear region is presented. An overview of microfabrication techniques used for fabricating surface electrode ion traps is then presented. This includes the detailed microfabrication procedure for ion traps designed within this thesis. A scheme for the integration of ion trapping and superconducting qubit systems as a step towards the realization of a quantum hybrid system is then presented. This scheme addresses two key diffculties in realizing such a system; a combined microfabricated ion trap and superconducting qubit architecture, and the experimental infrastructure to facilitate both technologies. Solutions that can be immediately implemented using current technology are presented. Finally, as a step towards scalability and hybrid quantum systems, the interaction between a single ion and a microwaves field produced from an on chip microwave cavity is explored. The interaction is described for the high-Q microwave cavity designed in this thesis and a 171Yb+ion. A description of the observable transmission from the cavity is described and it is shown that the presence of a single ion can indeed be observed in the emission spectrum of high-Q microwave cavity even in the weak coupling regime.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics ; relativity ; quantum theory ; and solid state physics