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Title: Educational outcomes and mobility in Turkish migrant and non-migrant families
Author: Bayrakdar, Said
ISNI:       0000 0004 5991 3568
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2015
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The socio-economic attainment of migrants and their descendants has been a pressing subject of research for scholars and policy makers. Educational outcomes attract particular attention, as education is a means for social advancement and achieving better occupational status. As the largest migrant group in Europe, Turks are of special interest in the discussion of migrant incorporation. However, assimilation theories dominate research, with limited interest, if any, in the true impact of migration on educational attainment. Using the unique 2000 Families dataset, this thesis compares the educational outcomes of Turks in European countries to their non-migrant comparators in Turkey across three generations. The 2000 Families dataset includes information about complete lineages of nearly 2000 persons born in Turkey between 1920 and 1945 in five high-sending regions; 80 per cent of these 'ancestors' migrated to Europe as 'guest workers' between 1960 and 1974, and 20 per cent stayed in Turkey. In this work, I first compare measurements of educational outcomes theoretically and their implications to international comparisons. methodologically. Next, I study the educational outcomes of Turks in Europe across two generations by comparing them to Turks in Turkey. I then focus on the direct effect of grandparents' socio-economic characteristics on educational outcomes and explore mobility patterns. Finally, I look at Turks in Europe and discuss country differences in their education as a positional good and note the effect of parental ethnic capital on educational outcomes. Existing research typically compares migrants to natives or other migrant groups in the destination countries. Therefore, it often overlooks changes migrants and their descendants go through relative to their comparators in the origin countries. Migrants' outcomes should be seen in reference to not only the groups in the destination but also those in the origin. Only then can a more complete picture of incorporation be drawn.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available