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Title: Applications of mirror symmetry to the classification of Fano varieties
Author: Prince, Thomas
ISNI:       0000 0004 5994 3695
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2016
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In this dissertation we discuss two new constructions of Fano varieties, each directly inspired by ideas in Mirror Symmetry. The first recasts the Fanosearch program (Coates--Corti--Kasprzyk et al.) for surfaces in terms of a construction related to the SYZ conjecture. In particular we construct Q-Gorenstein smoothings of toric varieties via an application of the Gross-Siebert algorithm to certain affine manifolds. We recover the theory of combinatorial mutation, which plays a central role in the Fanosearch program, from these affine manifolds. Combining this construction and the work of Gross--Hacking--Keel on log Calabi--Yau surfaces we produce a cluster structure on the mirror to a log del Pezzo surface proposed by Coates--Corti--et al. We exploit the cluster structure, and the connection to toric degenerations, to prove two classification results for Fano polygons. This cluster variety is equipped with a superpotential defined on each chart by a so-called maximally mutable Laurent polynomial. We study an enumerative interpretation of this superpotential in terms of tropical disc counting in the example of the projective plane (with a general choice of boundary divisor). In the second part we develop a new construction of Fano toric complete intersections in higher dimensions. We first consider the problem of finding torus charts on the Hori--Vafa/Givental model, adapting the approach taken by Przyjalkowski. We exploit this to identify 527 new families of four-dimensional Fano manifolds. We then develop an inverse algorithm, Laurent Inversion, which decorates a Fano polytope P with additional information used to construct a candidate ambient space for a complete intersection model of the toric variety defined by P. Moving in the linear system defining this complete intersection allows us to construct new models of known Fano manifolds, and also to construct new examples of Fano manifolds from conjectured mirror Laurent polynomials. We use this algorithm to produce families simultaneously realising certain collections of 'commuting' mutations, extending the connection between polytope mutation and deformations of toric varieties.
Supervisor: Coates, Tom Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral