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Title: Molecular probes for monitoring mitochondrial movement and function
Author: Shchepinova, Maria M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5993 3075
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis explores two distinct parts of mitochondrial physiology: the role of mitochondria in generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial morphology and dynamics within cells. The first area of research is covered in Chapters 1-8. Mitochondrial biofunctionality and ROS production are discussed in Chapter 1, followed by the strategy of targeting bioactive compounds to mitochondria by linking them to lipophilic triphenylphosphonium cations (TPP) (Chapter 2). ROS sensors relevant to the research are reviewed in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 presents design and synthesis of novel probes for superoxide detection in mitochondria (MitoNeo-D), cytosol (Neo-D) and extracellular environment (ExCellNeo-D). The results of biological validation of MitoNeo-D and Neo-D performed in the MRC MBU in Cambridge are presented in Chapter 5. A dicationic hydrogen peroxide sensor that utilizes in situ click chemistry is discussed in Chapter 6. Preliminary work on the synthesis of mitochondria-targeted superoxide generators, which led to the development of mitochondria-targeted analogue of paraquat, MitoPQ, is presented in Chapter 7. A set of bifunctional probes (BCN-Mal, BCN-E-BCN and Mito-iTag) for assessing the redox states of protein thiols is discussed in Chapter 8 along with their biological validation. The second part of the thesis is aimed at the study of mitochondrial morphology and dynamics and is presented in Chapters 9-11. Chapter 9 provides background on the classes of fluorophores relevant to the research, the phenomenon of fluorescence quenching and the principle of photoactivation with examples of photoactivatable fluorophores. Next, the background on mitochondrial morphology and heterogeneity is presented in Chapter 10, followed by the ways of imaging and tracking mitochondria within cells by conventional fluorophores and by photoactivatable fluorophores exploiting super-resolution microscopy. Chapter 11 presents the design and synthesis of four photoactivatable fluorophores for mitochondrial tracking, MitoPhotoRhod110, MitoPhotoNIR, Photo-E+, MitoPhoto-E+, along with results of biological validation of MitoPhotoNIR. The results and discussion concludes with Chapter 12, which is a summary and suggestions for future work, followed by the chemistry experimental procedures (Chapter 13), materials and methods for biological experiments (Chapter 14) and references.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry ; QH301 Biology ; QH345 Biochemistry