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Title: Carbon capture and storage optimisation in solid oxides : understanding surface-fluid interactions
Author: Mutch, Greg Alexander
ISNI:       0000 0004 5993 2160
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2016
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To decrease carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere for climate change mitigation it is necessary to modify existing practices in processes where greenhouse gases are emitted. Due to the extremely large volumes of carbon dioxide produced globally, it is generally accepted that although carbon dioxide conversion and utilisation will contribute in the long term, in the short to medium term it will be necessary to capture and store carbon dioxide emissions to progress towards a low carbon future. Current industrial capture processes incur large energy and thus economic penalties. Storage in geological formations requires robust confidence in storage security to be publically accepted. Therefore the objective of this work was to study carbon dioxide capture and storage in processes directly confronting these two major challenges. Carbon dioxide adsorption on oxide materials for advanced carbon capture processes with lower energetic and economic penalties was investigated. Water was shown to play a crucial role in determining the presence of reactive sites, the speciation of carbonates formed and increased sorbent utilisation. A high surface area oxide with specifically exposed facets was prepared and the impact of these facets on carbon dioxide uptake performance was assessed. Volumetric gas adsorption and isotherm modelling supported the presence of two distinct adsorption sites. To enhance confidence in storage security it is necessary to understand storage processes that result in stable products. An apparatus capable of obtaining geological storage conditions was developed and carbonate formation and surface hydration at high pressure was investigated. By locating individual reactive cations on the surface of silica, silicate mineral analogues were prepared. It was shown that carbonate speciation was dependent on the reactive cation and the presence or absence of water.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Carbon dioxide mitigation ; Carbon sequestration ; Water